About the Foundation
FOCUS originated as TRAFCORD, (Anti-Trafficking Coordination Unit in Northern Thailand) which was set up in August, 2002 as a branch operation of the Coordination Centre for Child Protection Chiang Mai (CPCRC) has been a pioneer of the multi-disciplinary team approach involving government and non-government partners in providing assistance to victims of human trafficking and child abuse. This approach has become known in international development circles as the Chiang Mai Model. In 2006, TRAFCORD was registered as a Public Benefit Organization. In 2009 the U.S. Department of State commended TRAFCORD in their Trafficking in Persons Report as one of their Commendable Initiatives Around the World. In 2011 it was registered as a Thai Charity under the name of Foundation of Child Understanding (FOCUS)
TRAFCORD has been building on its program strengths for the past 18 years, particularly in the following fields: i) Acting as a coordination centre between networks of GOs and NGOs both on the provincial and regional level as well as cross border with Myanmar and Laos in order to share information and best practices. ii) Integrated and comprehensive assistance to victims of human trafficking and child abuse balancing social and legal priorities and centred on the needs of the victim iii) Capacity building for multi-disciplinary teams enabling them to set up new provincial centres that combat human trafficking and child abuse. iii) Community surveillance networks in border and other high risk areas that enable community members to be alert, identify, report and provide appropriate intervention in cases of human trafficking and child abuse. iv) Consultation and technical services that enable government teams to mount effective operations to combat human trafficking.
- 1. Non - Governmental Organization, A Public Benefit Organisation by the National Commission on Social welfare promotion. No.1202 in November 20, 2006
- 2. Foundation: Foundation of Child Understanding (FOCUS) No.CM 349 in September 6, 2011
To promote and protect the rights of children and the vulnerable among duty bearers, rights defenders and rights holders with particular attention to issues of gender, democracy and equal opportunity.
Firstly, by coordinating and strengthening networks of NGOs and CBOs so that they can better act as rights watchdogs and report abuses.
Secondly, by capacity building of government/non-government multi-disciplinary teams (MDT) to better protect rights and become accountable to rights holders.
Thirdly, by empowering the vulnerable themselves to access and take control of their own rights. Thus, bringing about an enabling environment whereby Rights Defenders (CBOs/NGOs), Duty Bearers (provincial, national, cross-border levels) and Rights Holders (high risk and vulnerable groups) are joined together by bonds of trust, accountability and non-discrimination.
To advocate for rights and provide protection for children, women and other vulnerable groups from Thailand and surrounding countries (Burma, Laos) and other countries, in particular the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) who are victims of trafficking, exploitation, sexual abuse and physical abuse; with an emphasis on those victims most vulnerable and marginalized; by using a Rights based approach, firstly acting as Rights Defenders, advocating for rights and monitoring as watchdogs, and setting up a coordination centre for provincial and cross border multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) and networks in Northern Thailand and across borders, and secondly to build the capacity of government agencies, Duty Bearers, to respect, protect, promote and fulfil rights of vulnerable and high risk groups efficiently, transparently and without discrimination, and thirdly, empower Rights Holders, to claim their own rights and access services. Coordination centre and networked agencies will employ a rights based multidisciplinary strategy developed by FOCUS/TRAFCORD, to combat abuse and trafficking through an integrated victim centred program of prevention, intervention, care, recovery and reintegration of the victims and arrest and prosecution of their abusers.
FOCUS Human Right Based Approach
The target area is nine (9) provinces of the Upper Northern Region of Thailand (including Tak Province) and their associated Burmese and Lao border regions as well as other provinces/regions/countries which request advice or assistance. The Centre will focus on the most vulnerable and marginalised whose rights are often not fully fulfilled by mainstream government agencies.
Past Project management Experience
- UNICEF 2002-2006 : Legal Advocacy for Victims of Human Trafficking.
- Asia Foundation/ USAID 2002-2003 : Task Force to Combat Trafficking of Women and Children in Northern Thailand.
- U.S. Embassy Bangkok: 2005-2007 : Task Force to Combat Trafficking of Women and Children in Northern Thailand.
- Thailand National Committee on Human Rights 2007 : Awareness Raising Human Trafficking.
- Thailand Ministry of Soc.Dev.Hum.Sec.2008 : Awareness Raising Human Trafficking/Media Production.
- Thailand Min. Foreign Affairs, Consular Section2008 - 2012 : Awareness Raising Human Trafficking
- Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, U.S. State Department 2008-2014: Coordination Unit to Provide Protection to Children and Women: Human Trafficking.
- New Zealand Embassy Bangkok 2010 – 2011 : Training Youth Leaders on Human Trafficking.
- Federal Republic of Germany Protection & Prosecution 2012-2013 : Human Trafficking N. Thailand.
- Diakonia (Sweden) Protection & Prosecution2011 - 2020 : Human Trafficking N. Thailand.
The Organization Policies
- Personnel Administration Policy & Officer's Regulation and Practice
- Child Protection Policy
- Procurement Policy and Procedures
- Accounting and Financial Policy and Procedures
- Travel and Expense Policy and Procedures
Combating Human Trafficking and abuse of the vulnerable by building the capacity of Duty Bearers (Government/NGO multidisciplinary teams) to respect rights and provide fair services to the vulnerable, empowering Rights Holders (vulnerable groups) to approach Duty Bearers and hold them accountable for providing them with services free from discrimination and setting up a strong network of Rights Defenders (NGOs) to act as watchdogs and advocate for rights
9 provinces of the Upper Northern Region of Thailand : Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, Prae, Nan, Maehongson, Payao and Tak.
Cross-border areas : Chiang Rai – Tachilek/Kyaing Tong in Myanmar and Chiang Rai - Huay Xai/Bokeo in Lao PDR and Tak/Maesot - Myawaddy (in future)
Target rights Holders
Children and young women who are particularly vulnerable to abuse and exploitation such as those of ethnic minorities, stateless, refuges, migrant workers, street children, commercial sex workers and children with problems at school in 9 provinces of Upper Northern Thailand