About the Foundation

FOCUS originated as TRAFCORD, (Anti-Trafficking Coordination Unit in Northern Thailand) which was set up in August, 2002 as a branch operation of the Coordination Centre for Child Protection Chiang Mai (CPCRC) has been a pioneer of the multi-disciplinary team approach involving government and non-government partners in providing assistance to victims of human trafficking and child abuse. This approach has become known in international development circles as the Chiang Mai Model. In 2006, TRAFCORD was registered as a Public Benefit Organization. In 2009 the U.S. Department of State commended TRAFCORD in their Trafficking in Persons Report as one of their Commendable Initiatives Around the World. In 2011 it was registered as a Thai Charity under the name of Foundation of Child Understanding (FOCUS)

TRAFCORD has been building on its program strengths for the past 18 years, particularly in the following fields: i) Acting as a coordination centre between networks of GOs and NGOs both on the provincial and regional level as well as cross border with Myanmar and Laos in order to share information and best practices. ii) Integrated and comprehensive assistance to victims of human trafficking and child abuse balancing social and legal priorities and centred on the needs of the victim iii) Capacity building for multi-disciplinary teams enabling them to set up new provincial centres that combat human trafficking and child abuse. iii) Community surveillance networks in border and other high risk areas that enable community members to be alert, identify, report and provide appropriate intervention in cases of human trafficking and child abuse. iv) Consultation and technical services that enable government teams to mount effective operations to combat human trafficking.


FOCUS envisions a society where the rights of children and the vulnerable, whether women, minorities or others, are respected, are protected and free from discrimination, and they are empowered with the freedom and opportunity to participate in developing their own futures and government and non-government agencies safeguard and promote the rights of the vulnerable in a transparent manner and they are accountable to rights holders in the performance of these duties.


To promote and protect the rights of children and the vulnerable among duty bearers, rights defenders and rights holders with particular attention to issues of gender, democracy and equal opportunity.
Firstly, by coordinating and strengthening networks of NGOs and CBOs so that they can better act as rights watchdogs and report abuses.
Secondly, by capacity building of government/non-government multi-disciplinary teams (MDT) to better protect rights and become accountable to rights holders.
Thirdly, by empowering the vulnerable themselves to access and take control of their own rights. Thus, bringing about an enabling environment whereby Rights Defenders (CBOs/NGOs), Duty Bearers (provincial, national, cross-border levels) and Rights Holders (high risk and vulnerable groups) are joined together by bonds of trust, accountability and non-discrimination.

Objective / Purpose

To advocate for rights and provide protection for children, women and other vulnerable groups from Thailand and surrounding countries (Burma, Laos) and other countries, in particular the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) who are victims of trafficking, exploitation, sexual abuse and physical abuse; with an emphasis on those victims most vulnerable and marginalized; by using a Rights based approach, firstly acting as Rights Defenders, advocating for rights and monitoring as watchdogs, and setting up a coordination centre for provincial and cross border multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) and networks in Northern Thailand and across borders, and secondly to build the capacity of government agencies, Duty Bearers, to respect, protect, promote and fulfil rights of vulnerable and high risk groups efficiently, transparently and without discrimination, and thirdly, empower Rights Holders, to claim their own rights and access services. Coordination centre and networked agencies will employ a rights based multidisciplinary strategy developed by FOCUS/TRAFCORD, to combat abuse and trafficking through an integrated victim centred program of prevention, intervention, care, recovery and reintegration of the victims and arrest and prosecution of their abusers.

Objective / Purpose

      1. RIGHTS DEFENDERS The core objective is to act as a Coordination Centre to coordinate and strengthen networks of rights defenders, duty bearers and rights holders among GOs/NGOs/CBOs/vulnerable groups to combat abuse and exploitation arising from human trafficking and crimes against women/children, better protect victims, act as rights advocates and watchdogs to report abuse. The centre will promote and coordinate multi-disciplinary teamwork ensuring that that it always centred on the best interest of victims and the vulnerable, will raise awareness of human rights, will advocate for relevant laws, MOUs and international covenants, will work though MDTs to develop working policies and best practices to better fulfil rights of the vulnerable. The Centre will act as an information centre for human trafficking and other forms of abuse with records going back 15 years; partner agencies will have access to this stored information. A website will be maintained containing up to date information on human trafficking and abuse for the benefit of the general public and partner agencies. The target area is nine (9) provinces of the Upper Northern Region of Thailand (including Tak Province) and their associated Burmese and Lao border regions as well as other provinces/regions/countries which request advice or assistance. The Centre will focus on the most vulnerable and marginalised whose rights are often not fully fulfilled by mainstream government agencies.
     2. DUTY BEARERS To strengthen the capacity of government and non-government agencies, community groups and high risk groups to combat trafficking, abuse and exploitation of children and at-risk individuals by arranging capacity building workshops, building partnerships and extending networks of government and non-government agencies and multidisciplinary teams in order to sensitize and raise their awareness of gender issues, human rights, human trafficking and other forms of abuse and thereby enable them to better provide efficient, accessible and high standard services free from discrimination and accountable to rights holders.
      3. RIGHTS HOLDERS To mobilise and empower the vulnerable and high at risk to access and gain control of their own rights and take positive and constructive action against abuse and exploitation by reaching up to service providers/MDTs/duty bearers for support and defence of their rights and improve their opportunities for fair livelihoods free from abuse and discrimination.

The Organization Policies

  • Personnel Administration Policy & Officer's Regulation and Practice
  • Child Protection Policy
  • Procurement Policy and Procedures
  • Accounting and Financial Policy and Procedures
  • Travel and Expense Policy and Procedures

Thr Organizational Structure